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William Edward "BillyCrystal[1] (born March 14, 1948)[1][2] is an American actor, writer, producer, comedian, and 

Billy Crystal.png

film director. He gained prominence in the 1970s for playing Jodie Dallas on the ABC sitcom Soap and became a Hollywood film star during the late 1980s and 1990s, appearing in the critical and box office successes When Harry Met Sally... and City Slickers. He has hosted the Academy Awards nine times, most recently at the 84th Academy Awards in 2012.

Early life

Crystal was born at Doctors Hospital on the Upper East Side of Manhattan,[1] and initially raised in The Bronx.[3] As a toddler, he moved with his family to 549 East Park Avenue in Long Beach, New York, on Long Island.[3] He and his older brothers Joel and Richard, nicknamed Rip, were the sons of Helen (née Gabler), a housewife, and Jack Crystal, who owned and operated the Commodore Music Store, founded by Helen's father, Julius Gabler. [4][5] He was also a jazz promoter, a producer and executive for an affiliated jazz record label, Commodore Records, founded by Helen's brother, musician and songwriter Milt Gabler.[3] Crystal grew up in a Jewish family.[6] The three young brothers would entertain by reprising comedy routines from the likes ofBob NewhartRich Little and Sid Caesar records their father would bring.[3] Jazz artists such as Arvell ShawPee Wee RussellEddie Condon, andBillie Holiday were often guests in the home.[3] With the decline of Dixieland jazz circa 1963, Crystal's father lost his business,[6] and died later that year at the age of 54[4] after suffering a heart attack while bowling.[3] His mother, Helen Crystal, died in 2001.[6]

After graduation from Long Beach High School in 1965[7] Crystal attended Marshall University in Huntington, West Virginia on a baseball scholarship,[3]having learned the game from his father, who pitched for St. John's University.[citation needed] Crystal never played a game at Marshall because the program was suspended during his freshman year.[8] He did not return to Marshall as a sophomore, staying back in New York with his future wife. He instead attended Nassau Community College and later New York University, where he graduated in 1970 with a BFA from its Tisch School of the Arts.[9]

Career

Television

Crystal returned to New York City and performed regularly at The Improv and Catch a Rising Star. He studied film and television direction under Martin Scorsese at New York University. In 1976, Crystal appeared on an episode of All in the Family. He was on the dais for The Dean Martin Celebrity Roastof Muhammad Ali on February 19, 1976, where he did impressions of both Ali and sportscaster Howard Cosell. He was scheduled to appear on the first episode of NBC Saturday Night (later renamed Saturday Night Live) (October 11, 1975), but his sketch was cut.[10] He did do a stand-up bit later in that first season as Bill Crystal, on the April 17, 1976, episode; the "Can you dig it? I knew that you could."


Crystal's earliest prominent role was as Jodie Dallas on Soap, one of the first unambiguously homosexual characters in the cast of an American television series. He continued in the role during the series' entire 1977–1981 run.

In 1982, Billy Crystal hosted his own variety show, The Billy Crystal Comedy Hour on NBC. It lasted five episodes.

After hosting Saturday Night Live in 1984, he joined the regular cast.[10] His most famous recurring sketch was his parody of Fernando Lamas, Fernando, a smarmy talk show host whose catchphrase, "You look... mahvelous!," became a media sensation.[10] Crystal subsequently released an album of his stand-up material titled Mahvelous! in 1985, as well as the single "You Look Marvelous", which peaked at No. 58 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the US, and No. 17 in Canada. Also in the 1980s, Crystal starred in an episode of Shelley Duvall's Faerie Tale Theatre as the smartest of the three little pigs.

In 1996, Crystal was the guest star of the third episode of Muppets Tonight.[citation needed]

Billy Crystal hosted three Grammy Awards Telecasts: the 29th Grammys; the 30th Grammys; and the 31st Grammys.

Acting in film and hosting the Oscars

Crystal's first film role was in Joan Rivers's 1978 film Rabbit Test. Crystal also made game show appearances such as The Hollywood SquaresAll Star Secrets and The $20,000 Pyramid. He holds the record for getting his contestant partner to the top of the pyramid in winner's circle in the fastest time, 26 seconds.[citation needed]

Crystal appeared briefly in the Rob Reiner "rockumentaryThis Is Spinal Tap (1984) as Morty The Mime, a waiter dressed as a mime at one of Spinal Tap's parties. He shared the scene with a then-unknown, non-speaking Dana Carvey. Crystal's line in the film was "Mime is money." He later starred in the action comedy Running Scared (1986). Reiner directed Crystal again in The Princess Bride (1987).

Reiner directed Crystal for a third time in the classic romantic comedy When Harry Met Sally... (1989), for which Crystal was nominated for a Golden Globe. Crystal then starred in the buddy comedy City Slickers (1991), which proved very successful both commercially and critically and for which Crystal was nominated for his second Golden Globe.

Following the success of these films, Crystal wrote, directed, and starred in Mr. Saturday Night (1992) and Forget Paris (1995). In the former, Crystal played a serious role in aging makeup, as an egotistical comedian who reflects back on his career, although the character was from his SNL days. He directed the made-for-television movie 61* (2001) based on Roger Maris's and Mickey Mantle's race to break Babe Ruth's single-season home run record in 1961. This earned Crystal an Emmy nomination for Outstanding Directing for a Miniseries, Movie or a Special.

Crystal has continued working in film, including roles in Analyze This (1999) and Analyze That (2002) with Robert De Niro, and in the English version of Howl's Moving Castle as the voice ofCalcifer. He was originally asked to provide the voice of Buzz Lightyear in Toy Story (1995) but turned it down, a decision he later regretted due to the popularity of the series.[10] Crystal later went on to provide the voice of Mike Wazowski in the Pixar film Monsters, Inc. (2001), and will reprise his role in the upcoming prequel, Monsters University, scheduled to be released in June 2013.

Crystal hosted the Academy Awards broadcast in 1990–1993, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2004 and 2012. He returned as emcee for the 2012 Oscar ceremony, after Eddie Murphy backed out of hosting.[11] His nine times as the M.C. is second only to Bob Hope's 18 in most ceremonies hosted. At the 83rd Academy Awards ceremony in 2011, he appeared as a presenter for a digitally inserted Bob Hope and before doing so was given a standing ovation. Film critic Roger Ebert said when Crystal came onstage about two hours into the show, he got the first laughs of the broadcast.[12] Crystal's hosting gigs have regularly included an introductory video segment in which he comedically inserts himself into scenes of that year's films in addition to a song following his opening monologue.

Broadway

Crystal won the 2005 Tony Award for Best Special Theatrical Event for 700 Sundays, a two-act, one-man play, which he conceived and wrote about his parents and his childhood growing up onLong Island.[10] He toured the U.S. with the show in 2006 and Australia in 2007.

Following the initial success of the play, Crystal wrote the book 700 Sundays for Warner Books, which was published on October 31, 2005. In conjunction with the book and the play that also paid tribute to his uncle, Milt Gabler, Crystal produced two CD compilations: Billy Crystal Presents: The Milt Gabler Story, which featured his uncle's most influential recordings from Billie Holiday's "Strange Fruit" to "Rock Around the Clock" by Bill Haley & His Comets; and Billy Remembers Billie featuring Crystal's favorite Holiday recordings.

Philanthrophy

In 1986, Crystal started hosting Comic Relief on HBO with Robin Williams and Whoopi Goldberg.[10] Founded by Bob Zmuda, Comic Relief raises money for homeless people in the United States.

On September 6, 2005, on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, Crystal and Jay Leno were the first celebrities to sign a Harley-Davidson motorcycle to be auctioned off for Gulf Coast relief.[13]

Crystal has participated in the Simon Wiesenthal Center Museum of Tolerance in Los Angeles. Portraying himself in a video, Crystal introduces museum guests to the genealogy wing of the museum.

Personal life

Billy Crystal and his wife Janice (née: Goldfinger) married in June 1970, and have two daughters, actress Jennifer and producer Lindsay, and are now grandparents.[19] They reside in Pacific Palisades, California.[20]

Awards

In addition to his Golden Globe Award-nominations, Emmy Awards, and Tony Award, Crystal won the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding One-Person Show for 700 Sundays and received theMark Twain Prize for American Humor in 2007.[21]

Filmography

Year Title Role Notes
1977–81 Soap Jodie Dallas Television series
1977 SST: Death Flight David
1978 Rabbit Test Lionel Carpenter
1978 Human Feelings Angel Television
1980 Animalympics Lodge Turkell Voice role
1984 This Is Spinal Tap Morty the Mime
1986 Running Scared Danny Constanzo
1987 The Princess Bride Miracle Max
1987 Throw Momma from the Train Larry Donner
1988 Memories of Me Abbie Writer/Producer
1989 When Harry Met Sally... Harry Burns American Comedy Award for Funniest Actor in a Motion Picture

Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy

1991 City Slickers Mitch Robbins Executive producer

American Comedy Award for Funniest Actor in a Motion Picture MTV Movie Award for Best Comedic Performance Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy

1992 Horton Hatches the Egg Narrator Voice role
1992 Mr. Saturday Night Buddy Young, Jr. Writer/Director/Producer

Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy

1994 City Slickers II: The Legend of Curly's Gold Mitch Robbins Writer/Producer
1995 Forget Paris Mickey Gordon Writer/Director/Producer
1996 Muppets Tonight Himself Guest star on third episode
1996 Hamlet First Gravedigger
1997 Deconstructing Harry Larry
1997 Fathers' Day Jack Lawrence
1997 Friends The Gynecologist (with Robin Williams) TV Series
1998 My Giant Sam 'Sammy' Kamin Writer/Producer
1999 Analyze This Dr. Ben Sobel Executive Producer
2000 The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle Mattress salesman Uncredited
2001 61* Director
2001 America's Sweethearts Lee Phillips Writer/Producer
2001 Monsters, Inc. Michael "Mike" Wazowski Voice role
2002 Mike's New Car Mike Wazowski Short film, voice role
2002 Analyze That Dr. Ben Sobel Executive producer
2004 Howl's Moving Castle Calcifer Voice role
2005 Dinotopia: Quest for the Ruby Sunstone Karl Scott Voice role
2006 Cars Mike Car Voice role. Voice/cameo
2009 Make 'Em Laugh: The Funny Business Of America Host
2010 Tooth Fairy Jerry Uncredited
2010 Planet Sheen Soldier Joagth Voice role

Episode: What's Up Chock?

2012 Parental Guidance Artie Decker
2012 Small Apartments Burt Walnut
2013 Monsters University Mike Wazowski

Voice role, filming

Saturday Night Live

Characters

  • Al Minkman, a shady businessman
  • Fernando, host of Fernando's Hideaway, a celebrity interview show; based on actor Fernando Lamas
  • Buddy Young, Jr. (an insult comic who appears on Weekend Update)
  • Lew Goldman
  • Ricky, a bowler
  • Tony Minetti, a butcher
  • Willie, a man who, along with his friend, Frankie (played by Christopher Guest), discuss their masochistic tendencies

Impersonations

Biblography

  • Crystal, Billy (1986). Absolutely Mahvelous. New York: Perigee Trade. ISBN 0-399-51246-2. Autobiography from his childhood to his early career.
  • Crystal, Billy (2004). I Already Know I Love You. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-059391-1. A children's book.
  • Crystal, Billy (2006). Grandpa's Little One. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-078173-6. A children's book.
  • Crystal, Billy (2005). 700 Sundays. New York: Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-57867-3.Crystal's memoirs with his father.
  • Crystal, Billy (2013). 65: Where I've Been, Where I'm Going, and Where the Hell Are My Keys?. New York: Henry Holt and Co. ISBN 0-805-09820-8.Crystal's observations on aging and a look back at his career[22]
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