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Colorado is a U.S. state that encompasses most of the Southern Rocky Mountains, as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. Colorado is part of the Western United States, the Southwestern United States, and the Mountain States. Colorado is the 8th most extensive and the 22nd most populous of the 50 United States. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Colorado was 5,187,582 on July 1, 2012, an increase of +3.15% since the 2010 United States Census. The capital is Denver, which also has a 1 of the three U.S. mints. Colorado is one of the four corner states. It was the 38th state founded in 1876. About 3/4 of all U.S. coinage is produced in this state. Many famous cities entail, such as, Denver, Boulder, Fort Collins, Aurora, and Colorado Springs, where the Air Force Academy resides. The state is divided into sixty-four counties, two of which (Broomfield and Denver) act as city-counties.