Herbert Hoover (b. August 10, 1874 – d. October 20, 1964) was the 31st President of the United States. He served from 1929 until 1933. During his term, the Great Depression waged, and consumers blamed Hoover for not solving their problems. For this reason, Hoover is generally considered among one of the worst Presidents. Hoover, a globally experienced engineer, believed strongly in the Efficiency Movement, which held that the government and the economy were riddled with inefficiency and waste, and could be improved by experts who could identify the problems and solve them. To this he spoke with experts, and began production of public works (only one of which, Hoover Dam, was completed) in order to give the work force job oppurtunities, as well as to provide public utilities, such as electricity. He also supported tarifs in hopes of restoring native industries. Somewhat counterproductively, he increased corporate taxation, which increased the cost of American products.