Ronald Ernest "Ron" Paul (born August 20, 1935) is an American physician, author, and former politician who
served as the U.S. Representative for Texas' 14th and 22nd congressional districts. Paul's congressional office of Texas's 14th congressional district includes Galveston, for 1997 to 2013, three terms dating between 1979 and 1985, and an office held for Texas's 22nd congressional district between 1976 and 1977. On three occasions, he sought the presidency of the United States: as the Libertarian Party candidate in 1988 and as a candidate in the Republican primaries of 2008 and 2012. Paul is a critic of the federal government's fiscal policies, especially the existence of the Federal Reserve, the tax policy, the military–industrial complex, and the War on Drugs. Paul was the first chairman of Citizens for a Sound Economy, which founded the Tea Party movement, and has been characterized as the "intellectual godfather" of the anti-government movement.